Occupying 40% of the earth’s land area, dryland areas are home to 2.5 billion people – 30% of the world’s population. These regions are forced to contend with severe environmental degradation, increasing climate variability, and severe demographic challenges.
Applying state of the art ’systems thinking,’ Dryland Systems takes research for development ideas much further than traditional approaches, combining innovative partnerships, diverse technologies, and appropriate policies.
Dryland Systems aims to strengthen food security and generate higher and more secure incomes for tens of millions of people across the dry areas. It will also raise the productive capacity of natural resources and reduce degradation across 11 billion hectares.
Conservation agriculture – the practice of not plowing farmlands and leaving crop residue in the field for improved soil fertility and water conservation – is a proven and cost-effective approach that balances yields, conserves resources, and increases efficiency.
Livestock are a mainstay of production systems in the dry areas of the world, providing resilience to rural communities and an important source of extra income through the sale of added-value products such as wool, milk, cheese, and yoghurt.
Without access to accurate and comprehensive data, development practitioners may struggle to develop appropriate strategies – they lack the information they need to determine what interventions are needed, and where, and their interventions may do more harm than good, or at best, be ineffective
GRAVIS is a development organization working for the empowerment of of rural communities in the Thar Desert, India. GRAVIS is based on the Ghandian philosophy of self-reliance and works towards the rehabilitation of droght-affected and marginalized rural co
The effectiveness of agricultural extension is controlled by a range of factors: the capacity of extension agents; the quality of extension materials; and whether rural communities or civil society organizations are engaged and responsive to extension efforts.